Vocabulary about the elections- 3ème 2

Vocabulary you need (and more…) – 3ème 2

the Constitution: the document containing the main laws that govern the United States

the process: Processus

a systematic series of actions directed to some end

a citizen: a native or naturalized member of a state or nation . (citoyen)

Primary : an election in a state to select a political party’s candidates for the general election. In closed primaries, only members of the political party can vote. In open primaries, all voters can take part.

a candidate: a person who is running for an elected position or competing for a job

a campaign: a series of actions performed to help reach a goal, such as winning an election. Presidential campaigns include giving speeches, meeting voters, and debating against opponents.

to campaign: to work over a period of time to reach a goal, such as winning an election

a political party: a group of citizens with similar ideas on how the country should be run. The two main U.S. political parties are the Democrats and the Republicans.

Republican party : One of the two main political parties in the United States. Founded in 1846, the Republican Party has an elephant as its symbol. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president. Other well-known Republican presidents were Theodore Roosevelt and Ronald Reagan.

Democratic party : One of the two main political parties in the United States. Founded in 1828, the Democratic Party has a donkey as its symbol. U.S. President Barack Obama is a Democrat. Franklin D. Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, and Bill Clinton are some of the most well-known Democratic presidents.

to cast a vote / a ballot:Voter – to vote in an election

the ballot: scrutin / bulletin de vote

a list of candidates and proposals that citizens use to cast a secret vote. The ballot may be printed on paper, set up on a voting machine or computer, or available on the Internet.

the elector: a member of the electoral college of the U.S.

a running mate: a person running for public office with another candidate. A political party’s presidential and vice presidential candidates are running mates.

candidat à la vice-présidence


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