Vocabulary – elections 3ème 1

Vocabulary (and more)

Elector: a member of the electoral college of the U.S.

candidate : a person who is running for an elected position or competing for a job


(often initial capital letter) the highest executive officer of a modern republic, as the Chief Executive of the United States.


(initial capital letters) U.S.Government. the officer of this rank who is elected at the same time as the president and who succeeds to the presidency on the resignation, removal, death, or disability of the president.

Voter: a person who votes.

Citizen: a native or naturalized member of a state or nation 

ballot : a list of candidates and proposals that citizens use to cast a secret vote. The ballot may be printed on paper, set up on a voting machine or computer, or available on the Internet.

Scrutin / bulletin de vote

A political Party : a group of citizens with similar ideas on how the country should be run. The two main U.S. political parties are the Democrats and the Republicans.

Primary : an election in a state to select a political party’s candidates for the general election. In closed primaries, only members of the political party can vote. In open primaries, all voters can take part.

Republican party : One of the two main political parties in the United States. Founded in 1846, the Republican Party has an elephant as its symbol. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president. Other well-known Republican presidents were Theodore Roosevelt and Ronald Reagan.

Democratic party : One of the two main political parties in the United States. Founded in 1828, the Democratic Party has a donkey as its symbol. U.S. President Barack Obama is a Democrat. Franklin D. Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, and Bill Clinton are some of the most well-known Democratic presidents.

to cast a vote / a ballot: to vote in an election – voter

to campaign : to work over a period of time to reach a goal, such as winning an election


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